Violencia en instituciones penitenciarias. Definición, la medición y la explicación del fenómeno

  • Nicolás Trajtenberg Facultad de Ciencias Sociales de la Universidad de la República (Uruguay)
  • Olga Sánchez de Ribera Facultad de Psicología de la Universidad de la República (Uruguay)
Palabras clave: violencia, prisión, medidas, definión, teorías

Resumen

La violencia en prisión es un problema fundamental para todos los sistemas penitenciarios del mundo. Compromete los derechos humanos, la seguridad y la vida de los internos y funcionarios, afecta la efectividad de los programas y puede incrementar la reincidencia y los costos sociales. Sin embargo, ha sido menos investigada que otras formas de violencia, y la escasez de estudios es más grave en los contextos en los que más se necesitan. El objetivo de este artículo es presentar una sistematización de la literatura especializada sobre la violencia en prisiones para discutir sus principales problemas conceptuales y metodológicos. Se presentan los problemas de la definición de la violencia en el ámbito penitenciario; se examinan los principales desafíos enfrentados al intentar medir el fenómeno; se analizan las distintas explicaciones desarrolladas sobre el tema y se analizan modelos alternativos; y se cierra con un conjunto de conclusiones sobre los actuales desafíos para la investigación.

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Publicado
2019-10-13
Cómo citar
Trajtenberg, N., & Sánchez de Ribera, O. (2019). Violencia en instituciones penitenciarias. Definición, la medición y la explicación del fenómeno. Revista De Ciencias Sociales, 32(45), 147-175. https://doi.org/10.26489/rvs.v32i45.6